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DunaEdit

Duna

Duna is the fourth planet of the Kerbol star system. It is the Mars analog for Kerbal Space Program and is mostly red with polar icecaps. It has one natural satellite, the moon Ike. Due to Ike's size and proximity, Ike and Duna are tidally locked to each other.

With proper aerobraking, a round trip from Kerbin to Duna's orbit and back requires roughly 1700 m/s of delta-v, less than a round trip to any other planet. Duna is often the easiest planet to achieve encounters because of a low orbital inclination.

TopographyEdit

Duna's terrain ranges in altitude from 23 to 4740 meters. Its mountainous ranges are a peril to landing craft, especially considering the thin atmosphere, where very little aerobraking can be done safely. Duna's icy poles are quite expansive and are the result of a thin atmosphere.

Duna has several craters, but they appear quite eroded, presumably from wind. There is also a region with deep holes (some over 1km deep), which seem much too steep to be impact craters (maybe sinkholes?).

There are several maria (large regions of dark soil) at exactly 0 meters altitude. Their flatness and low altitude which allow for more aerobraking make them easy but boring landing locations.

Duna's surface contains anomolous features.

AtmosphereEdit

Duna's atmosphere begins at 41,446 m. It is only 20% as dense as Kerbin's at altitude 0 and is even less dense (relative to Kerbin) at higher altitudes. This effect becomes especially noticeable at Duna's highest points, where its atmosphere is only 21% as dense as its atmosphere at altitude 0. (For comparison, on Kerbin, the atmosphere at the highest peaks is 45% as thick as at sea level.) This lack of density will cause parachutes to semi-deploy much lower, just over 10km for the Mk25 and just under 9km for all the other parachutes.

InfoEdit

Orbital Characteristics
Semi-Major Axis 20 726 155 264 m (1)
Apoapsis 21 783 189 163 m (1)
Periapsis 19 669 121 365 m (1)
Orbital Eccentricity 0.05
Orbital Inclination 0.06 °
Argument of periapsis {{{pe arg}}} °
Longitude of the ascending node {{{an arg}}} °
Mean Anomaly 3.14 rad (at 0s UT)
Siderial orbital period 17 315 400 s
200 d 9 h 50 m 0.1 s
Synodic orbital period 19 645 699 s
227 d 9 h 8 m 19 s
Orbital Velocity 7 147 to 7 915 m/s
Physical Characteristics
Equatorial Radius 320 000 m
Surface Area 1.2867964×1012 m2
Mass 4.5154812×1021 kg
Gravitational Parameter 3.0136321×1011 m3/s2
Density 32 897.696 kg/m3
Surface Gravity 2.94 m/s2
Escape Velocity 1 372.41 m/s
Sidereal Rotation Period 65 517.859 s
18 h 11 m 57.9 s
Sidereal Rotational Velocity 30.688 m/s
Synchronous Orbit 2 880.00 km
Sphere of Influence 47 921 949 m
Highest elevation 4740 m
Atmospheric Characteristics
Atmosphere Present Yes
Atmospheric Pressure 20.3 kPa
0.2 atm
Scale Height 3000 m
Atmospheric Height 41 446.532 m
2.0×10-7 atm
Temperaturemin -50.24 °C 222.91 K
Temperaturemax -30.17 °C 242.98 K
Oxygen Present No

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